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Project

#96 F1/10 Autonomous Racing Course and Competition


Principal Investigator
Rahul Mangharam
Status
Active
Start Date
July 1, 2017
End Date
June 30, 2021
Research Type
None
Grant Type
Education
Grant Program
FAST Act - Mobility National (2016 - 2022)
Grant Cycle
Mobility21 - University of Pennsylvania
Visibility
Public
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Abstract

The course focuses on creating a meaningful and challenging design experience for graduate and senior undergraduate electrical engineering, computer science, mechanical engineering, robotics and embedded systems students. The course involves designing, building and testing an autonomous 1/10-scale model F-1 racecar (with 10 times the fun!) using the NVIDIA Jetson platform for real-time perception, control and planning. In addition to providing read-to-use material as a Teaching Kit, the course will introduce an autonomous racing competition in conferences at Embedded Systems Week 2016 and Cyber-Physical Systems Week with challenges testing speed, agility and tracking performance of the on-board vision and control algorithms.

Modern robots tend to operate at slow speeds when in complex environments, limiting their utility in high-tempo applications. In this course, students will be tasked with pushing the boundaries of unmanned vehicle speed, decision control and response to fast changes in the environment. Students will work in teams to develop autonomy software to race a converted 1/10 scale RC car equipped with sensors and embedded processing around a large-scale, “real- world” F-1 course. Our goal is to teach embedded GPGPU programming in a fun context of high-speed autonomous racing but with serious constraints of real-time processing, challenging controls and fast robot planning on the NVIDIA Jetson TK1 and TX1 platforms.
    
Description
The course is divided into the following segments consisting of lectures and lab exercises. During the early part of the course, lectures are conducted to help the students get started. An overview is presented that clarifies the challenges and discusses some potential successful approaches to certain problems. Also, students perform laboratory exercises to gain experience with certain essential functional blocks and their associated hardware and software implementations. The course requires no prior knowledge of the NVIDIA Jetson platform or the Robot Operating System.
1. Lecture 1: Course Introduction:
1.1. Principles of autonomous driving: Toyota’s self driving car, Google car etc..
1.2. DARPA grand/urban challenges – what worked and what failed
1.3. The autonomous racing car platform – components, coding, testing and performance
measurement
1.4. Challenges with driving fast and making the perception, control and planning execute
within a deadline.

2. Lecture 2: Introduction to ROS:
2.1. ROS installation on the NVIDIA Jetson 2.2. Lab exercises with ROS
2.2.1. Intra-process communication
2.2.2.  Data visualization tools
2.2.3. Robotics perception and planning algorithms

3. Lab Exercise 1: Getting familiar with ROS
3.1. Design software that moves the car backwards, whenever there is an object right in
front of the car closer than 2 meters. 3.2. Design and implement a ROS topic:
3.2.1. alarm_mode: with variables object_presence (true/false) and object_distance (in meters).
3.3. Design and implement two ROS nodes:
3.3.1. object_detect: Detects whether there is an object that is in front of the vehicle
(20 degree field of view) and less than 2 meters away. Depending on its detection it
publishes a message in the alarm_mode topic.
3.3.2. runaway_control: Depending on the message received from the object_detect, it
moves the car backwards.

4. Lab Exercise 2: Getting familiar with NVIDIA’s Jetson embedded platform.

5. Lecture 3: Moving the car:
5.1. 5.2. 5.3. 5.4.

6. Lab Exercise 3: Race car platform integration with multiple sensors and Jetson.

7. Lecture 4: Sensing the environment:
7.1. Basics of odometry. 7.2. IMU data
7.3. LIDAR data
7.4. Camera

8. Lab exercise 4: Centerline racing.
8.1. Design two processes: (i) wall detector and (ii) wall follower. Run these processes in the
straight corridor in the tunnels.
8.1.1. Wall detector: A perception algorithm that detects the two sides of the walls.
8.2. Wall follower: A control algorithm that, given the detections of the walls, goes down the corridor.

9. Lecture 5-6: GPGPU programming with CUDA:
9.1. NVIDIA CUDA for parallel computation on the GPU 9.2. ArrayFire for GPU-accelerated computing
9.3. VisionWorks toolkit for image accession and analysis 9.4. OpenCV toolkit for computer vision

10. Lab Exercise 5: OpenCV/VisionWorks installation and tutorial and CUDA programming exercises.
 Overview of perception sensors and the perception chain
 Overview of PID control basics and description of tracking problems
 Hands-on tutorial: Acquire data from the sensors on the car
 Hands-on tutorial and CUDA programming exercises.
    
Timeline
Planned Lectures and Labs starting January 2018

Course Introduction, Ross Overview, Labs 1 & 2  
Weeks 1-3

Moving the car + Lab 3 
Week 4

Sensing the environment
Week 5

Lab 4
Week 6

GPGPU programming with CUDA & lab 5+6
Week 7-8
 
 
Navigation and planning and platform testing
Week 9

Advanced topics + Lab 7
Week 10

Computational considerations
Week 11

Time trials and racing practice
Week 12-13

Final demo and race
Week 14    
Deployment Plan
More details at http://f1tenth.org    
Expected Accomplishments and Metrics
The course instructors will develop 10 reference platform vehicles and demonstrate them working at high speeds of 8-15mph in corridors. We will host an international F1/10 Autonomous Racing Competition at CPSWeek in Porto, Portugal around April 10-11, 2018    

Individuals Involved

Email Name Affiliation Role Position
jalajm@seas.upenn.edu Maheshwari, Jalaj University of Pennsylvania Other Student - Masters
rahulm@seas.upenn.edu Mangharam, Rahul University of Pennsylvania PI Other

Budget

Amount of UTC Funds Awarded
$185000.00
Total Project Budget (from all funding sources)
$185000.00

Documents

Type Name Uploaded
Publication Computer_Aided_Design_for_Safe_Autonomous_Vehicles.pdf April 17, 2018, 8:38 a.m.
Presentation F1-10_Overview.pdf April 17, 2018, 8:38 a.m.
Progress Report 96_Progress_Report_2018-03-30 April 17, 2018, 8:38 a.m.
Publication F1_Tenth_ICCPS.pdf Nov. 30, 2018, 7:58 p.m.
Progress Report 96_Progress_Report_2018-09-30 Nov. 30, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Data Management Plan DataManagement_yeHkqKt.pdf Feb. 12, 2019, 12:05 p.m.
Presentation F1-10_Autonomous_Racing_slides.pdf Feb. 12, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Progress Report 96_Progress_Report_2020-09-30 Oct. 5, 2020, 6:35 a.m.

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