#358 Synthesis of Research Results and Technology Trends to Inform Federal, State, Regional and Local Policies for Smart Mobility of People and Goods Phase 4

Principal Investigator
Stan Caldwell
Start Date
July 1, 2021
End Date
June 30, 2022
Research Type
Grant Type
Grant Program
FAST Act - Mobility National (2016 - 2022)
Grant Cycle
2021 Mobility UTC


Research Description

This proposal leverages three previous years of research which has informed policymakers of disruptive transportation technology trends and provided guidance on policies to take advantage of opportunities and mitigate risk.  The synthesis builds upon relevant research conducted by Mobility21 and Traffic21 with a strategic equity focus on “Innovating Mobility for All”.  Policy briefs and research papers have been published and numerous presentations made to disseminate research results, with documented impacts on policy.  Results have also been incorporated in Carnegie Mellon University undergraduate, graduate and executive education courses.
Focus of the project in Phase 4 will include the following:
•	Continuing involvement with development of vehicle automation and connectivity policies, especially in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and the Smart Belt (Michigan, Ohio and Pennsylvania).
•	Track infrastructure initiatives at the federal and state levels for opportunities to advance innovative transportation technology and policy.
•	Expanded involvement with development of vehicle electrification policies for greenhouse gas emissions abatement.
•	Work with the American Public Transportation Association (APTA) on policy for standardizing fare collection technologies in the United States.
•	Continue research in support of PennDOT post-COVID planning efforts.  
The research in the fourth phase of this project is intended to continue tracking disruptive technologies affecting transportation, assess a variety of policy alternatives and to synthesize research results from the full range of CMU and partner research efforts to inform smart mobility policy.  It is also intended to identify new opportunities for smart mobility research.  The research work is conducted through a variety of activities:
•	Meetings with civic and business leaders and government policy makers to discuss transportation challenges and advise on applicable smart mobility policies.  These meetings include southwestern Pennsylvania, state, regional, national and international leaders and policy makers.  Leverage the Mobility21 Deployment Partner Consortium of over 165 members.    
•	Presentations and publications providing policy analyses of smart mobility alternatives, such as connected and automated vehicle, electric vehicle, shared transportation,  intelligent infrastructure and multi-modal operational policies.
•	Active participation in policy-making groups such as the Pennsylvania Autonomous Vehicle Task Force, PA State Transportation Innovation Committee, Southwestern Pennsylvania Commission, Smart Belt Coalition, and the Pittsburgh Mobility Collective.
•	Interaction with researchers at Carnegie Mellon and elsewhere to identify new opportunities for research and transportation policy improvement.  Included in this activity is participation in national organization such as Transportation Research Board Executive Committee and the American Public Transportation Association, and the Emerging Technologies Committee of the Intelligent Transportation Society of America.
•	Research national and international disruptive transportation technology trends and associated policies.  Synthesize and disseminate this information through the Traffic21/UTC blog, social media and industry recognized Smart Transportation Dispatch weekly email newsletter.  
•	Publish policy briefs and other publications that result from the synthesis research.  
•	Contribute to local and national media stories highlighting impacts of disruptive transportation technologies and their implications on policy.  

The project involves effort by Stan Caldwell and Chris Hendrickson:
•	Stan Caldwell is an Adjunct Associate Professor for Transportation and Policy and   serves as Executive Director of Carnegie Mellon’s Traffic21 Institute which is housed in the Heinz College and Executive Director of the Mobility21 National University Transportation Center (UTC) which are housed in the College of Engineering.  Both Traffic21 and the UTC are co-housed and co-staffed, and Stan manages the day-to-day operations of these research centers.  These centers fund and coordinate faculty from across the University in interdisciplinary transportation research.  The research centers maintain a primary focus on deploying transportation research and technology in the community and work with public and private partners to use Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and the region as a smart transportation test bed.  Through the work of these centers Stan has taken a nationally active role in the emerging intelligent transportation industry and serves on the Leadership Circle of the Intelligent Transportation Society of America and developed the industry recognized Traffic21 Blog.  He is founding member of the Smart Belt Coalition the Pennsylvania Autonomous Vehicle Policy Tasks Force and the State Transportation Innovation Council and supports various local and national initiatives focused on transportation technology policy.   
•	Chris Hendrickson is the Hamerschlag University Professor Emeritus, Director of the Traffic 21 Institute at Carnegie Mellon University, member of the National Academy of Engineering and Editor-in-Chief of the ASCE Journal of Transportation Engineering Part A (Systems). His research, teaching and consulting are in the general area of engineering planning and management, including design for the environment, system performance, construction project management, finance and computer applications.     
Continuous research and deployment from July 1, 2021 - June 30, 2022    
Deployment Plan
Following the first three phases of this research the deployment will be continuous throughout the period of performance leveraging current engagement and activity with research deployment partners including APTA, ITS America, the City of Pittsburgh, PennDOT, the Southwestern PA Commission, the Smart Belt Coalition and various other partners.  
Expected Accomplishments and Metrics
Expected Impacts
This project is intended to continue to influence transportation decision making and policies with regard to new technology implementation and the improvement in mobility of people and goods both in Pennsylvania and nationally.  Progress is assessed from activities such as meetings, presentations and publications as well as policy changes, technology implementations and new research projects.  The first three phases of the project have resulted in accomplishments such as written policy briefs and impacts on polices adopted by partners such as the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation and the City of Pittsburgh as result of this research. 

Metrics include number of publication, number of research presentations to both academic and industry audiences and number of instances of policy influence and adoption.  

Examples of Recent Accomplishments from Phase 3 of this Research:
•	Contributed to the July 2020 US DOT ITS Joint Program Office Study “Identifying Real-World Transportation Applications Using Artificial Intelligence (AI)”
•	2019 Published Policy Brief “Recommended Policies for the 21st Century Changing US Mobility”
•	White Paper Published for the University of Illinois 2019 Urban Forum – “Are we there Yet, and Where is it we need to go?  Myths and Realities of Connected and Automated Vehicles”

Examples of Recent Research Dissemination from Phase 3 of this Research:
•	August 13, 2020 - Presented “Autonomous Vehicles: Why Now and Why Pittsburgh” at a webinar hosted by the Pittsburgh Chapter of the Women’s Transportation Seminar.  

•	June 4, 2020 - Featured panelist for the ITS America Webinar, "Technology and the post COVID-19 Transportation Roadmap."  View the full webinar here.

•	September 22, 2020 – Presented research on disruptive transportation technology trends at the inaugural Bus Technology Summit in a session titled, "Embracing Technology Disruptions with Cautious Optimism in the COVID Era."

•	September 17, 2020 – Presented research on automated vehicle industry trends along with Mark Kopko, PennDOT Director of Transformational Technology, to industry and community transportation professionals at a webinar hosted by the Transportation Management Association of Chester County.

•	July 6, 2020 - Keynote presentation today on “Possibilities for Deep Decarbonization of US Transportation Modes” to the International Society for Industrial Ecology Conference ISIE Americas 2020.   

•	May 11, 2020 – Organized and moderated panel for the Association for Pennsylvania Municipal Management titled “Ready or Not, Here it Comes: How Disruptive Technologies coming out of the Pittsburgh region will impact our communities and what local governments can do to prepare for and utilize these innovations to deliver more efficient and smarter services to its residents.” 

•	May 5, 2020 - Co-authors Chris Hendrickson, Director of Traffic21 and Laurence Rilett, Director of the Nebraska Transportation Center and the Mid-America Transportation Center are both US DOT University Transportation Center funded faculty.  Their article “The Covid-19 Pandemic and Transportation Engineering” will appear in the July edition of the Journal of Transportation Engineering, Part A: Systems.   


Individuals Involved

Email Name Affiliation Role Position
stancaldwell@cmu.edu Caldwell, Stan Carnegie Mellon University PI Faculty - Adjunct
cth@cmu.edu Hendrickson, Chris Carnegie Mellon University Co-PI Faculty - Tenured
oliviawells@cmu.edu Wells, Olivia Carnegie Mellon University Other Staff - Business Manager


Amount of UTC Funds Awarded
Total Project Budget (from all funding sources)


Type Name Uploaded
Data Management Plan Caldwell_Hendrickson_2021_Mobility21_Project_DMP.pdf Dec. 9, 2020, 1:56 p.m.
Progress Report 358_Progress_Report_2021-09-30 Sept. 28, 2021, 1:31 p.m.
Presentation 4-22-21_Hendrickson_illinois_kent_seminar_slides.pdf Sept. 29, 2021, 7:55 p.m.
Presentation 6-23-21_MASITE_Executive_Education_Slides.pdf Sept. 29, 2021, 7:55 p.m.
Presentation 6-9-21_PSPE_Course_Caldwell.pdf Sept. 29, 2021, 7:55 p.m.
Presentation 2021_MAIT_Module_1.pptx Sept. 29, 2021, 7:55 p.m.
Presentation 2021_Hendrickson_asce_plenary_talk_slides.pdf Sept. 29, 2021, 7:55 p.m.
Presentation 4-1-21_PSPE_Course_Caldwell.pptx Sept. 29, 2021, 7:55 p.m.
Presentation 9-9-21_SPC_Executive_Education_Slides.pdf Sept. 29, 2021, 7:55 p.m.
Publication How COVID-19 Affects Major Trends and Forces Shaping The Future of Transportation March 28, 2022, 3:34 p.m.
Publication TRB_Duck_Boat_Report.pdf March 28, 2022, 3:45 p.m.
Presentation 3-3-22_BOMA_Caldwell.pdf March 28, 2022, 3:45 p.m.
Presentation Recent ASCE Journal of Transportation Engineering Editorials March 28, 2022, 3:58 p.m.
Presentation 12-16-21_CCAC_Caldwell.pptx March 28, 2022, 3:58 p.m.
Presentation 12-9-21_Part_1_Penn_State_Executive_Education_Slides.pptx March 28, 2022, 3:58 p.m.
Presentation Recent ASCE Journal of Transportation Engineering Editorials March 28, 2022, 3:58 p.m.
Presentation 12-16-21_CCAC_Caldwell_wtGqxwz.pptx March 28, 2022, 3:58 p.m.
Presentation 12-9-21_Part_1_Penn_State_Executive_Education_Slides_mCwfYyq.pptx March 28, 2022, 3:58 p.m.
Publication Driver Warning Technologies and Partial Vehicle Automation: Save Lives and Money March 28, 2022, 4:05 p.m.
Progress Report 358_Progress_Report_2022-03-30 March 28, 2022, 4:12 p.m.
Final Report 358_-_Final_Report.pdf July 30, 2022, 8:50 a.m.
Presentation 8-9-21_ITSPA_Caldwell.pdf Sept. 30, 2022, 12:12 p.m.
Presentation 2022_September_ITS_World_Congress_Caldwell_2022.pptx Sept. 30, 2022, 12:12 p.m.
Progress Report 358_Progress_Report_2022-09-30 Sept. 30, 2022, 12:13 p.m.

Match Sources

No match sources!


Name Type
APTA Deployment Partner Deployment Partner
PennDOT Deployment Partner Deployment Partner
Smart Belt Coalition Deployment Partner Deployment Partner
Southwestern Pennsylvania Commission Deployment & Equity Partner Deployment & Equity Partner
Regional Industrial Development Corporation None
Daimler Trucks North America LLC None